Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Public Innovation Support index for Impact Assessment in the European Economic Area



Objective: The object of this research is public innovation support in European Economic Area and its effectiveness assessment. The main aim is to propose a new model for public innovation support effectiveness assessment, adjusted to contemporary needs and based on practice of public innovation support development. Research Design & Methods: The methods of comparative, cluster, regression, modelling analysis, multi-criteria evaluation, analogy search, logical abstraction and impact evaluation have been applied for the research presented in this paper. Findings:  The paper conceptualizes a new model for the assessment of public innovation support. It is based on theoretical argumentation and practical verification. Its structure is based on new solutions and quantitative assessment methods. Implications & Recommendations: The analysis of the proposed model applicability revealed important patterns for the public innovation support impact assessment. Findings suggest that the increase of public innovation support index is a necessary but insufficient condition for the growth of the countries innovation index. The impact of public innovation support occurs only in the long run, as the delay of the effect exists. Contribution & Value Added: The proposed system of quantitative and qualitative indicators that characterize any public innovation support system (public innovation support index) enables the creation and implementation of measures devoted to the public innovation support impact improvement at EU and national level. The practical application of the suggested model is significant for the effectiveness improvement of public innovation support at EU institutions.


innovation, public innovation support, impact assessment, index


Author Biography

Mantas Vilys

PhD, Associate Professor at Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. In 2004 he graduated from Vilnius University (VU), the Faculty of Physics, acquired Bachelor's degree in Physics. In 2006 he graduated from Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU), the Faculty of Business Management, acquired Master's degree in Business Management. In 2007-2011 he was a PhD student of Vilnius Gediminas Technical University and since 2006 he has been delivering lectures at the same university. Research interests: innovation, public innovation support, management

Artūras Jakubavičius

PhD, Professor at Department of International Economics and Management, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. Innovation management expert-consultant at Lithuanian Innovation Centre. More than 20 years he is focusing on innovation management, innovation support systems, innovation financing, innovation networking issues. Since 1994 he has been delivering lectures for students in universities. Research interests: innovation management, innovation support systems, innovation clusters.

Eigirdas Žemaitis

PhD student, lecturer at Department of International Economics and Management, Creative Industry faculty at Vilnius Gediminas Technical University. Innovation and creativity consultant . 13 years  of consultancy and training on innovation management, creativity, marketing. Research interests: technology transfer, innovation management, innovation support systems.


  1. Almus, M., & Czarnitzki, D. (2011). The Effects of Public R&D Subsidies on Firms' Innovation Activities: The Case of Eastern Germany. Manheim: ZEW.
  2. Antonelli, C. (2009). The economics of innovation: from the classical legacies to the economics of complexity. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 18(7), 611-646. doi: 10.1080/10438590802564543.
  3. Barrett, S., & Hill, M. (1984). Policy, Bargaining and Structure in Implementation Theory: Towards an Integrated Perspective. Policy and Politics, 12(3), 219-240.
  4. Bastalich, W. (2010). Knowledge economy and research innovation. Studies in Higher Education, 35(7), 845-857. doi: 10.1080/03075070903406533.
  5. Bator, F. (1958). The Anatomy of Market Failure. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 782(3), 351-379.
  6. Beerepoot, M. (2007). Public Energy Performance Policy and the Effect of Diffusion of Solar Thermal Systems in Buildings: a Dutch Experience. Renewable Energy, 32, 1882-1897.
  7. Bhatta, G. (2003). Don't Just do Something, Stand There. Revisiting the Issue of Risks in Innovation in the Public Sector. The Innovation Journal: A Special Issue on Innovation in Governance, 8(2), 40-55.
  8. Blake, M., & Hanson, S. (2005). Rethinking Innovation: Context and Gender. Environment and Planning, 37, 681-701.
  9. Blindenbach, F. (2006). Innovation in Project-based Firms: the Context Dependency of Success Factors. Research Policy, 35, 545-561.
  10. Boehm, G., & Fredericks, L.J. (2010). Strategic innovation management in global industry networks: The TFT LCD Industry. Asian Journal of Business Management, 2(4), 110-120.
  11. Braczyk, H., Cooke, P., & Heidenreich, M. (1998). Regional Innovation Systems. London: UCL Press Limited.
  12. Brown, L. (2010). Balancing Risk and Innovation to Improve Social Work Practice. British Journal of Social Work, 40(4), 1211-1228.
  13. Cainelli, G., Evangelista, R., & Savona, M. (2004). The Impact of Innovation on Economic Performance in Services. The Service Industry Journal, 24(1), 66-81.
  14. Camic, Ch., Grossm, N., & Lamont, M. (2012). Social Knowledge in the Making. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  15. Cassiman, B., & Veugelers, R. (2002). Complementarity in the Innovation Strategy: Internal R&D, External Technology Acquisition, and Cooperation in R&D. London: Mimeo.
  16. Chaminade, C., & Edquist, C. (2006). From Theory to Practice. The Use of the Systems of Innovation Approach in Innovation Policy. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  17. Claros, L., & Yasmina, M. (2009). The Innovation Capacity Index: Factors, Policies, and Institutions Driving Country Innovation. Innovation for Development Report 2009-2010. London: Palgrave Macmillan.
  18. Desai, P. (2002). Knowledge Management Research Report. Oxford: NCC, Blackwell.
  19. Diewert, W. E. (2009). Dictionary of Economics. Index Numbers. London: The New Palgrave.
  20. Drennan, L., & McConnell, A. (2007). Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector. London: Routledge.
  21. Duguet, E. (2013). Appropriation Strategy and the Motivations to Use the Patent System: An Econometric Analysis at the Firm Level. Annales d'Economie et de Statistiques, 49(2), 289-328.
  22. Earl, L. (2004). A Historical Comparison of Technological Change, 1998-2000 and 2000-2002, in the Private and Public Sectors. Ottawa: Statistics Canada.
  23. Edquist, C., & Chaminade, L. (2006). Innovation Policy in the Systems of Innovation Approach: Some Basic Principles. In Knowledge, Complexity and Innovation Systems. Vienna: Springer.
  24. Edquist, Ch. (2001). Innovation Policy in the Systems of Innovation Approach: Some Basic Principles. In Knowledge, Complexity and Innovation Systems. Vienna: Springer.
  25. Ertmer, P.A., & Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A.T. (2010). Teacher technology change: how knowledge, confidence, beliefs and culture intersect. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 42(3), 255-284.
  26. EUFP (2013). EU Future Program 2014-2020. Retrieved on November 12, 2014, from
  27. Fung, A., & Wright, E. (2001). Deepening Democracy: Innovations in Empowered Participatory Governance. Politics and Society, 29(1), 5-42.
  28. Gallouj, F. (2006). Towards a Theory of Innovation in Services. University of Science and Technology of Lille. Science and Public Policy, 4(13), 11-45.
  29. Gavin, K., & Muers, S. (2002). Creating Public Value: An Analytical Framework for Public Service Reform. London: Pinter.
  30. Goel, S., Dwivedi, R., & Sherry, A. M. (2012). Critical factors for successful implementation of E-governance programs: a case study of HUDA. Global Journal of Flexible Systems Management, 13(4), 233-244. doi: 10.1007/s40171-013-0021-1.
  31. Hassink, R., & Dong-Ho S. (2005). The Restructuring of Old Industrial Areas in Europe and Asia. Environment and Planning, 37, 571-580.
  32. Heidenreich, M. (2004). The Dilemmas of Regional Innovation Systems. London: Routledge.
  33. Hood, C., & Miller, P. (2009). Risk and Public Services. Oxford: ESRC.
  34. Juma, C., & Yee-Cheong, L. (2005). UN Millennium Project. Innovation: Applying Knowledge in Development. London: Sterling.
  35. Kosała, M., & Wach, K. (2014). Linking regional knowledge laboratory and growth of SMEs - empirical investigation in southern region of Poland. Prace Komisji Geografii Przemysłu Polskiego Towarzystwa Geograficznego, 26, 113-131.
  36. Luke, B., Verreynne, M. L., & Kearins, K. (2010). Innovative and entrepreneurial activity in the public sector: The changing face of public sector institutions. Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 12, 138-153. doi: 10.5172/impp.12.2.138.
  37. Lundvall, B. A. (2007). National Innovation System: Analytical Focusing Device and Policy Learning Tool. Ostersund: Swedish Institute for Growth Policy Studies.
  38. MacPherson, M. (2001). Performance Excellence Principles - Drivers of Innovation in Public Sector Organisations. Paper presented at the National Conference of the New Zealand, Organ.
  39. Mankiw, G., Kneebone, R., McKenzie, K., & Row, N. (2002). Principles of Microeconomics: Second Canadian Edition. United States: Thomson-Nelson.
  40. Medema, S. (2004). Public Choice and Deviance. US: An Elgar Reference Collection.
  41. Melnikas, B. (2005). Creation of Knowledge-based Economy in the European Union: the Main Typicalities and New Ideas of Clusterization. Journal of Business Economics and Management, 6(2), 87-100.
  42. Miles, I. (2004). Innovation in Public Services. Presentation at PRIME Conference. Manchester.
  43. Minogue, M. (2005). Apples and Oranges - Comparing International Experiences in Regulatory Reform. Occasional Lecture 13, Bath: Centre for the Study of Regulated Industries.
  44. Miravete, E., & Pern, J. (2000). Innovation Complementarities and Scale of Production. London: Mimeo.
  45. Mohnen, P., Mairesse, J., & Dagenais, M. (2004). Innovativeness: a Comparison Across Seven European Countries. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 13(1-2), 23-35.
  46. Naštase, G. I. (2013). Innovative models of increasing competition and competitiveness in science. Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, 2, 233-240.
  47. Nelson, R. (2002). Technology, Institutions, and Innovation Systems. Research Policy, 31, 265-272.
  48. Noor Al-Jedaiah, M. (2010). The impact of information technology (IT) on decision-making process in the public sector. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(5), 320-329.
  49. Pacharapha, T., & Ractham, V. V. (2012). Knowledge acquisition: the roles of perceived value of knowledge content and source. Journal of Knowledge Management, 16(5), 724-739. doi: 10.1108/13673271211262772.
  50. Porter, M. E., & Stern, S. (2001). National Innovative Capacity. The Global Competitiveness Report 2001-2002. New York: Oxford University Press.
  51. Pro Inno Europe (2012). European Innovation Scoreboard 2012: Comparative Analysis of Innovation Performance. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications.
  52. Rutkauskas, A. V., & Racinskaja, I. (2013). Integrated intelligence and knowledge, innovation and technology management, nurturing country universal sustainable development, in 2nd international scientific conference "Problems of modern economy: global, national and regional context", May 23-24, Grodno, Belarus. Grodno: Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, 1-6.
  53. Santos Silva, L. C., & Kovaleski, J. L., Gaia, S., Garcia, M., & Junior, A. (2013). Technology transfer and knowledge management in technological innovation center: a case study in Brazil. Journal of Management and Strategy, 4(2), 78-87. doi: 10.5430/jms.v4n2p78.
  54. Schibany, A., Gerhard, S., Gretzmacher, N., Falk, M., Falk, R., Knoll, N., Schwarz, G., & Wörter, M. (2014). Evaluation FFF – Impact Analysis. InTeReg Research Report Series, 22, 258-299.
  55. Sherwood, D. (2002). Creating an Innovative Culture. UK: Capstone Publishing.
  56. Smith, M., & Glass, G. (1987). Research and Evaluation in Education and the Social Sciences. New Jersey.
  57. Stake, R. (1995). The Art of Case Study Research. N.Y.: Free Press.
  58. Straits, K. (2002). Innovation in Singapore Organizations. Singapore: Straits Knowledge.
  59. Sullivan, D. M., & Marvel, M. R. (2011). Knowledge acquisition, network reliance and early-stage technology venture outcomes. Journal of Management Studies, 48(6), 1169-1193. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6486.2010.00998.x.
  60. Tan, B. S. (2004). The Consequences of Innovation. The Public Sector Innovation Journal, 9(3), 23-39.
  61. Tekes (2007). Seizing the White Space: Innovative Services Concepts in the United States. Technology Review, 205, 15-88.
  62. Thomas, J., & Nelson, J. (1996). Research Methods in Physical Activity. 3rd ed. USA: Human Kinetics.
  63. UNCTAD (2011). World Investment Report 2011: Transnational Corporations and the Internationalization of R&D. Geneva: United Nations.
  64. UNIDO (2011). Industrial Development Report 2005: Capability Building for Catching-up. Historical, Empirical and Policy Dimensions. Vienna: United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
  65. Vargas-Hernandez, J. G., & Garcia-Santillan, A. (2011). Management in the innovation project, Journal of Knowledge Management. Economics and Information Technology, 7, 148-171.
  66. Varghese, P. G. (2013). A communication-focused model for learning and education. Business Education & Accreditation, 5(2), 117-130.
  67. Wong, P., & He, Z. (2013). The Moderating Effect of a Firm's Internal Climate for Innovation on the Impact of Public R&D Support Programmes. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 3, 56-74.
  68. World Bank (2011). Knowledge Assessment Methodology. Washington DC: World Bank.


Download data is not yet available.