Objective: The objective of this article is to investigate the relationship between the wealth of the regional environment of a smart organisation and the entrepreneurship level, based on examples of EU regions.
Research Design & Methods: This article is based on a quantitative, cartographic analysis combined with a critical analysis of the literature on the subject. Using the method of linear ordering of standardised summary data based on data for European regions, an innovative model of smart IT resources, knowledge and relationships were developed to study their impact on the development of entrepreneurship and innovative enterprises. The model was tested for three groups of firms: in general aggregation, groups engaged in product innovation, and groups engaged in business innovation. The study covered data for 240 regions from 22 EU member states.
Findings: The literature lacks a clear definition and measurement methods for smart organizations. The most important resources for their development are relational, IT, human and Research and Development capital, which are also crucial for modern companies. There is no correlation between a region’s prosperity and overall entrepreneurship, but there is a clear link between high potential for smart organization development and smart business development. Research shows a link between innovative enterprise development and IT, relational capital and scientific research capital.
Implications & Recommendations: Smart organizations in innovative environments drive socioeconomic development through technological entrepreneurship and digital equivalents of traditional products and services. Digitalization of the economy through smart organizations is crucial for micro and meso-level competitive advantage. To identify key mechanisms, public statistics must be adapted to the needs of the digital economy.
Contribution & Value Added: This article proposes measuring the relationship between regional potential for smart organizations and entrepreneurship, with a new methodology and approach to support regional management in digitalization. It highlights that IT, human, and research and development capital are key factors for entrepreneurship, and offers a new definition of entrepreneurship. The article also identifies a research gap in the theory of locating innovative enterprises.
smart organisation, entrepreneurship, development potential, EU regions, location, innovative enterprise
Professor Hanna Godlewska-Majkowska, Head of Institute of Enterprise, Collegium of Business Administration at SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Poland; vice-rector at SGH Warsaw School of Economics in 2016–2020. Scientific interests, including issues in local and regional development, business location, and investment attractiveness of regions, are related to the function of an expert in local government units.
Agnieszka Komor, PhD in Economics, Assistant Professor at University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Department of Management and Marketing. Her research interests include regional and local development, bioeconomy.
Tomasz Pilewicz, PhD in Economics (2016, SGH Warsaw School of Economics; Assistant Professor at SGH Warsaw School of Economics (Poland). His research interests include local development and smart organizations
Patrycjusz Zarębski, PhD in Economics, Assistant Professor at Koszalin University of Technology, Department of Economics, (Poland). His research interests include local development and innovation system.