Entrepreneurship Opportunities after Military Career: Practice in Central and Eastern versus Western Europe
AbstractThis paper seeks to contribute to the discussion devoted to entrepreneurship of a specific profession group â€“ early retired servicemen. The aim of the paper is to provide a composition of existing practices of entrepreneurship skills development of early retired servicemen in EU member countries and evaluate the
differences between Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and Western Europe (WE) practice. The results indicate the lack of entrepreneurship development policies for early retired servicemen, while service in military often provides highly specific competencies that can be adapted as transferable expertise and knowledge for entrepreneurship.
entrepreneurship; military; early retirement
Brown, P. A., & Gross, C. (2011). Serving those who have servedâ€”managing veteran and military student best practices. The Journal of Continuing Higher Education, 59(1), 45-49.
Caligiuri, P., Noe, R., Nolan, R., Ryan, A. M., & Drasgow, F. (2011). Training, developing, and assessing cross-cultural competence in military personnel. Rutgers â€“ the State University
Picataway, New Jersey. Retrieved on December 13, 2013, from http://www.dtic.mil/cgibin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA559500.
Cawley, J., & Maclean, J. C. (2012). Unfit for service: the implications of rising obesity for US military recruitment. Health Economics, 21(11), 1348-1366.
Chandra, R. (2013). Entrepreneurship: An Ideal Way of Success. Kolkata: BookRix.
De la Porte, C., & Jacobsson, K. (2012). Social investment or recommodification? Assessing the employment policies of the EU member states. In N. Morel, B. Palier, & J. Palme (Eds.), Towards a social investment state? (pp. 117-152). Bristol: Policy Press.
Early, J. M. (2011). Transition home: an exploratory study of the transition from military to civilian life among veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. Smith
College School for Social Work, Northampton, Mass. Retrieved on December 18, 2013, from https://dspace.smith.edu/handle/11020/22974.
Haerem, T., Kuvaas, B., Bakken, B. T., & Karlsen, T. (2011). Do military decision makers behave as predicted by prospect theory? Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 24(5), 482-497.
Henning, C. A. (2011). Military Retirement: Background and Recent Developments. DIANE Publishing.
Hope, J. B., Oh, B., & Mackin, P. C. (2011). Factors affecting entrepreneurship among veterans. Small Business Research Summary.
OECD (2013). Ageing and Employment Policies â€“ Statistics on average effective age of retirement. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. Retrieved on December 15, 2013,
Ruiz, J., & Morrow, E. (2005). Retiring the old centurion: life after a career in policing - an exploratory study. International Journal of Public Administration, 28(13-14), 1151-1186.
Å ileika, A., & BekerytÄ—, J. (2013). The theoretical issues of unemployment, poverty and crime coherence in the terms of sustainable development. Journal of Security and Sustainability
Issues, 2(3), 59-70.
SmaliukienÄ—, R., DudzeviÄiÅ«tÄ—, G., & BekeÅ¡ienÄ—, S. (2012). Counselling for self-employment: the application of decision support system. Verslas: teorija ir praktika, 1, 18-26.
Smaliukiene, R. (2014). Towards sustainable employability: European practice in officers and servicemen reintegration after early retirement, Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues
(accepted for publication).
The 2012 Ageing Report. Economic and budgetary projections for the 27 EU Member States (2010-2060). European Union. Retrieved on December 19, 2013, from http://ec.europa.eu/
Veterans Fact Sheet. U.S. Small Business Administration. Retrieved on December 19, 2013, from http://www.sba.gov/ sites/default/files/Veterans%20fact%20sheet_7_6_12.pdf.
Vigoda-Gadot, E., Baruch, Y., & Grimland, S. (2010). Career transitions: An empirical examination of second career of military retirees. Public Personnel Management, 39(4), 379-404.
Wood, M., Bianchi, A., & Kucik, P. (2012). Articulating Value: A framework for Evaluating Military Retirement Alternatives. Operations Research Center. US Military Academy, West Point, New York. Retrieved on December 19, 2013, from http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&meta dataPrefix=html &identifier=ADA567192.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a CC BY-ND licence that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are asked to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) only the final version of the article, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). We advise using any of the following research society portals: