Knowledge-Intensive Services Development in the EU: Forecasts for Selected Countries and Implications for Poland


Abstract

 

Objective: The first purpose of the article and the underlying research is to identify trends in the development of the knowledge-intensive services (KIS) sector in selected EU countries and to create forecasts of its further growth. The second purpose is to recognize factors that may help or inhibit Poland from drawing upon the experiences of the analysed countries.

Research Design & Methods: We use time-series trend forecasting. Forecasts of the development of the KIS sector in the EU are constructed basing on available time series (2008 - 2017) using the least square method (LSM).

Findings: Knowledge-intensive services are developing with various speed in the EU countries, but an existence of a ‘glass ceiling’ in the context of a possible level of development can be noted. This ‘glass ceiling’ is situated on different levels for different groups of countries (higher for the most innovative ones, lower for others). While Poland is on the path of convergence with highly-developed EU countries in respect to the growth of knowledge-intensive services sector, several country-specific factors hinder its ability to enter the path of convergence with the innovation-leaders, thus most probably preventing it from ever reaching the highest ‘glass ceiling.’

Implications & Recommendations: The innovation policy should not only be oriented to support R&D activities but also support the development of KIS.

Contribution & Value Added: The added value of the article lies in filling the gap in the literature concerning the analysed issue. The findings may serve as suggestions for creating innovation policy.

 


Keywords

convergence; innovative services; knowledge-intensive services; European Union; Polish economy

Baláž, V. (2004). Knowledge-intensive business services in transition economies. The Service Industries Journal, 24(4), 83-100, https://doi.org/10.1080/0264206042000275208

Baumol, W.J. (2002). Services as leaders and the leader of the services. In J. Gadrey & F. Gallouj (Eds.), Productivity, Innovation and Knowledge in Services: New Economic & Socio-Economic Approaches (pp. 147-163), Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing..

Bettencourt, L.A., Ostrom, A.L., Brown, S.W., & Roundtree, R.I. (2002). Client co-production in knowledge-intensive business services. California Management Review, 44(4), 100-128.

Bilderbeek, R., den Hertog, P., Marklund, G. & Miles, I. (1998). Services in Innovation Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) as Co-producers of Innovation, Synthesis Paper SI4S-S3/ 1998. Oslo: Studies in Technology, Innovation and Economic Policy Group, 1-59.

Braga, A., Marques, C.S., & Serrasqueiro, Z. (2017). Internationalisation Strategy of Knowledge-Intensive Business Services. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer; Portland Interna-tional Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), 9(2), June, 359-377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-017-0461-5

Brenner, T., Capasso, M., Duschl, M., Frenken, K., & Treibich, T. (2018). Causal relations between knowledge-intensive business services and regional employment growth. Regional Studies, 52(2), 172-183, https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2016.1265104

Castaldi, C. (2009). The relative weight of manufacturing and services in Europe: An innovation perspective. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 76(6), 709-722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2008.08.001

Castellacci, F. (2008). Technological paradigms, regimes and trajectories: Manufacturing and service industries in a new taxonomy of sectoral patterns of innovation. Research Policy, 37(6), 978-994. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2008.03.011

Desmarchelier, B., Djellal, F., & Gallouj, F. (2013). Knowledge intensive business services and long term growth. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 25, 188-205.

Doloreux, D., Shearmur, R., & Rodriguez, M. (2015). Determinants of R&D in knowledge-intensive business services firms, Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 391-404. https://doi.org/10.1080/10438599.2015.1067001

Doloreux, D., & Shearmur, R. (2012). Collaboration, information and the geography of innovation in knowledge intensive business services, Journal of Economic Geography, 12(1), 79-105, https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbr003

Dubosson, M., & Fragniere, E. (2009). The Consequences of Information Overload in Knowledge Based Service Economies: An Empirical Research Conducted in Geneva. Service Science 1(1), 56-62. https://doi.org/10.1287/serv.1.1.56

Gallego, J., & Maroto, A. (2015). The Specialization in Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (KIBS) across Europe: Permanent Co-Localization to Debate. Regional Studies, 49(4), 644-664. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343404.2013.799762

Godlewska-Dzioboń, B., Klimczyk, P., & Witoń, A. (2018). Determinatives of Employment Changes in the Polish Service Sector Between 2005 and 2017. In A. Nalepka, A. Ujwary-Gil (Eds), Busi-ness and Non-profit Organizations Facing Increased Competition and Growing Customers’ De-mands (pp. 519-534). Nowy Sącz; Nowy Targ: Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu – National-Louis Univer-sity; Foundation for the Dissemination of Knowledge and Science ‘Cognitione’.

Hertog, P. (2000). Knowledge intensive business services as co-producers of innovation. Interna-tional Journal of Innovation Management, 4(4), 491-528.

J-Figueiredo, R., Vieira Neto, J., Gonçalves Quelhas, O.L., & de Matos Ferreira, J.J. (2017). Know-ledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS): Bibliometric Analysis And Their Different Behaviors In The Scientific Literature. INMR – Innovation & Management Review, 14(3), 216-225. Retrieved from http://www.revistas.usp.br/rai/article/view/134958 on March 10, 2018.

Klaesson, J., & Norman, T. (2015). Market potential and the employment growth of knowledge-intensive services: comparing different geographical resolutions. The Annals of Regional Science, 55(1), October, 157-185. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00168-015-0701-1

Masso, J., & Vahter, P. (2012). The link between innovation and productivity in Estonia´s services sector. Service Industries Journal, 32(16), 2527-2541. https://doi.org/10.1080/02642069. 2011.600444

Miles, I. (2005). Knowledge intensive business services: Prospects and policies. Foresight, 7(6), 39-63, https://doi.org/10.1108/14636680510630939

Miles, I.D., Belousova, V., & Chichkanov, N. (2018). Knowledge intensive business services: ambi-guities and continuities. Foresight, 20(1), 1-26.

Miles, I., Kastrinos, N., Bilderbeek, R., den Hertog, P., Flanagan, K., Huntink, W., & Bouman, M. (1995). Knowledge-Intensive Business Services: Users, Carriers and Sources of Innovation. European Innovation Monitoring System (EIMS) Publication, 15. European Commission, Brussels, 1-105.

Muller, E., & Zenker, A. (2001). Business services as actors of knowledge transformation: The role of KIBS in regional and national innovation systems. Research Policy, 30(9), 1501-1516.

Musolesi, A., & Huiban, J.P. (2010). Innovation and productivity in knowledge intensive business services. Journal of Productivity Analysis, 34, 63-81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11123-009-0163-5

Pauceanu, A.M. (2015). Impact of knowledge intensive businesses services on the economic per-formance of sectors and regions in the UE. Africa Development and Resources Research Insti-tute Journal, Ghana, West Africa, 8(2), 2343-6891.

Radovanović, N., Dmitrović, V., & Žarkić Joksimović, N. (2017). From Knowledge to Innovation and Back: Empirical Testing of Knowledge-Intensive Industries in Serbia. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 5(3), 119-131. https://doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2017.050306

Rodriguez, M. (2014). Innovation, Knowledge Spillovers and High-Tech Services in European Regions. Inzinerine Ekonomika-Engineering Economics, 25(1), 31-39. https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ee. 25.1.3207

Schricke, E., Zenker, A., & Stahlecker, T. (2012). Knowledge-intensive (business) services in Europe, European Commission, EUR 25189 EN, Brussel, Retrieved from ec.europa.eu/research/innovation-union/pdf/knowledge_intensive_business_services_in_europe_2011. pdf on September 25, 2018.

Tassey, G. (2004). Policy Issues for R&D investment in a knowledge-based economy. Journal of Technology Transfer, 29(2), 153-185.

Wilks, D.S. (2006). Statistical Methods in the Atmospheric Sciences. Burlington, MA: Academic Press, 1-630, Retrieved from http://danida.vnu.edu.vn/cpis/files/Books /Statistical%20methods %20in%20the%20atmospheric%20sciences,%20D.%20Wilks%20(2ed.,%20I GS%2091,%20Elsev ier,%202006)(ISBN%200127519661)(649s).pdf on September 25, 2018.

Watkins, J.C. (2016). An Introduction to the Science of Statistics: From Theory to Implementation. Preliminary Edition, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona, 1-429. Retrieved http://math.arizona.edu /~jwatkins/statbook.pdf on December 18, 2018.

Wolff, E. (2002). How stagnant are services? In J. Gadrey & F. Gallouj (Eds.), Productivity, innova-tion and knowledge in services: new economic and socio-economic approaches. (pp. 3-25), Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing..

Wyszkowska-Kuna, J. (2016). Competitiveness of the New European Union Member States in International Trade in Knowledge-intensive Business Services. Comparative Economic Research, 19(3), 5-26. https://doi.org/10.1515/cer-2016-0018

Ženka, J., Novotný, J., Slach, O., & Ivan, I. (2017). Spatial Distribution of Knowledge-Intensive Busi-ness Services in a Small Post-Communist Economy. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Sprin-ger; Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), 8(2), June, 385-406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13132-015-0260-9

Download

Published : 2019-06-28


Godlewska-DziobońB., KlimczykP., & WitońA. (2019). Knowledge-Intensive Services Development in the EU: Forecasts for Selected Countries and Implications for Poland. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.15678/EBER.2019.070206

Bianka Godlewska-Dzioboń 
Cracow University of Economics  Poland
Piotr Klimczyk  piotr.klimczyk@uek.krakow.pl
Cracow University of Economics  Poland
Agnieszka Witoń 
Cracow University of Economics  Poland




Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a CC BY-ND licence that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are asked to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

 Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) only the final version of the article, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access). We advise using any of the following research society portals:


Most read articles by the same author(s)