Skip to main navigation menu Skip to main content Skip to site footer

Was it Merely a Coincidence? Towards a Practice-Based Perspective on Early Internationalisation of SMEs



Objective: The aim of this this paper is to analyse the relation between some aspects of reflexive actions and the routinization within the internationalization process. The article provides a new insight into the phenomenon of early internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises.

Research Design & Methods: A qualitative research offers an alternative approach to the problem of how enterprises explore foreign opportunities in the realms of daily performed activities.

Findings: A qualitative research provides a framework of the relation between various types of reflexive actions, and their routinization, as well as the internationalization of everyday practice.

Implications & Recommendations: This work contributes to the deeper understanding of the early internationalization process and that it sheds some new light on its potential explanatory categories. The notion of daily activities may be perceived as important units of analysis in management.

Contribution & Value Added: The analysis of everyday activities of early internationalization of SMEs may comprise here a promising research area and therefore, a ‘theoretical bridge’ between the practice-based perspective and IE may develop.


textile and apparel enterprises, integration of preexisting theoretical approaches, routine, reflexivity, international entrepreneurship



  1. Amorós, J.E., Rodrigo Basco, R., & Romaní, G. (2016). Determinants of early internationalization of new firms: the case of Chile. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(1), 283-307.
  2. Aspelund, A., & Moen, Ø. (2005). Small international firms: Typology, performance and implications. Management International Review, 1(1), 37-57.
  3. Autio, E. (2005). Creative tension: The significance of Ben Oviatt’s and Patricia McDougall’s article “Towards a theory of international new ventures”. Journal of International Business Studies, 36(1), 9-19.
  4. Baum, M., Schwens, Ch., & Kabst, R. (2011). International as opposed to domestic new venturing: The moderating role of perceived barriers to internationalization. International Small Business Journal, 31(5), 536-562.
  5. Deken, F., Carlile, P.R., Berends, H., & Lauche, K. (2016). Generating novelty through interdependent routines: A process model of routine work. Organization Science, 27(3), 659-677.
  6. Dittrich, K., Guérard, S., & Seidl, D. (2016). Talking About Routines: The Role of Reflective Talk in Routine Change. Organization Science, 27(3), 678-697.
  7. Etemad, H. (2015). The promise of a potential theoretical framework in international entrepreneurship: An entrepreneurial orientation-performance relation in internationalized context. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(2), 89-95.
  8. Feldman, M.S., & Pentland, B.T. (2003). Reconceptualizing Organizational Routines as a Source of Flexibility and Change. Administrative Science Quarterly, 48(1), 94-118.
  9. Feldman, M.S., Pentland, B.T., D’Adderio, L., & Lazaric, N. (2016). Beyond Routines as Things: Introduction to the Special Issue on Routine Dynamics. Organization Science, 27(3), 505-513.
  10. García-Cabrera, A.M, García-Soto M.G., & Suárez-Ortega S.M. (2017). Macro-level spillovers and micro-level capabilities as antecedents of young SMEs’ propensity to export and to become a born global. International Entrepreneurship Management Journal, 13(4), 1199-1122.
  11. Gavetti, G., Levinthal, D.A., & Rivkin, J.W. (2005). Strategy making in novel and complex worlds: the power of analogy. Strategic Management Journal, 26(8), 691-712.
  12. Giddens, A. (1984). The constitution of society: Outline of the theory of structuration. Berkeley: California University Press.
  13. Goffman, E. (1959). The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Garden City, NY: Doubleday.
  14. Hamil, H. (2014). Interview Methodology. Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  15. Keupp, M.M, & Gassmann, O. (2009). The Past and the Future of International Entrepreneurship: A Review and Suggestions for Developing the Field. Journal of Management, 35(3), 600-633.
  16. Liesch, P.W., Welch, L.S., & Buckley, P.J. (2011). Risk and Uncertainty in Internationalisation and International Entrepreneurship Studies Review and Conceptual Development. Management International Review, 51(6), 851-873.
  17. Makowski, P.T. (2016). Tadeusz Kotarbiński’s Action Theory. Reinterpretive Studies, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.
  18. Miller, D. (1983). The correlates of entrepreneurship in three types of firms. Management Science, 29(7), 757-868.
  19. Oviatt, B.M., & McDougall, P.P. (2005). The internationalization of entrepreneurship. Journal of International Business Studies, 36(1), 2-8.
  20. Parmigiani, A., & Howard-Grenville, J. (2011). Routines revisited: Exploring the capabilities and practice perspectives. Academy of Management Annals, 5(1), 413-453. 10.1080/19416520.2011.589143
  21. Patora-Wysocka, Z. (2016a). Institutionalization of Practice: A Processual Perspective on Value Co-Creation. Economics and Business Review, 2(16), 113-126.
  22. Patora-Wysocka, Z. (2016b). The Twofold Nature of Spontaneous Actions: Insights From Practice Turn In Management. Studia Oeconomica Posnaniensia, 4(5), 184-198.
  23. Patora-Wysocka, Z. (2017). Beyond Stability vs. Change Dilemma: Everyday Practices and Routines as Sources of Organizational Life. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 5(1), 201-212.
  24. Pentland, B.T., & Jung Ju, E. (2016). Evolutionary and Revolutionary Change in Path-Dependent Patterns of Action. In J. Howard-Grenville, C. Rerup, A. Langley, & H. Tsoukas (Eds.), Organizational Routines: How They are Created, Maintained, and Changed (pp. 96-116). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  25. Saladaňa, J. (2013). The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers. London: SAGE Publications Ldt.
  26. Schumpeter, J. (1934). The Theory of Economic Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  27. Styles, C., & Seymour, R.G. (2006). Opportunities for marketing researchers in international entrepreneurship. International Marketing Review, 23(2), 126-145.
  28. Stańczyk-Hugiet, E., Piórkowska, K., & Stańczyk, S. (2017). Demystifying emergence of organizational routines. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 30(4), 525-547.
  29. Thurner, T.W., Gershman, M., & Roud, V. (2015). Partnerships as internationalization strategy: Russian entrepreneurs between local restrictions and global opportunities. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(2), 118-137.
  30. Weick, K. (1995). Sensemaking in Organizations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.


Download data is not yet available.