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Editorial: International Entrepreneurial Orientation


In recent decades, both the theory of internationalisation of the firm and/or the theory of international business have developed. Recent developments in international business studies prove that entrepreneurial orientation (EO) emerges as one of the important potential factors contributing to the intensification of the processes of internationalisation of the firm (Etemad, 2015; Gupta & Gupta, 2015). It seems that international entrepreneurship (IE) has been flourishing. The general theory of entrepreneurship indicates that market opportunities are a common and dominant link for all entrepreneurial activities. The entrepreneurship theory refers to the identification or creation opportunities, their evaluation and exploitation. The expansion into new geographic markets is undoubtedly an important market opportunity for growth and development. The internationalisation as a response to the market opportunity takes diverse paths. Based on the in-depth literature search, this issue of our journal aims to determine whether, why and how, in the context of diverse environmental conditions, the pursuit of market opportunities contributes to the increase of internationalisation of the firm (Dimitratos & Plakoyiannaki, 2003; Dimitratos, Voudouris, Plakoyiannaki & Nakos,. 2012; Wach. 2015).


entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial orientation


Author Biography

Krzysztof Wach

Associate professor at the Cracow University of Economics, Faculty of Economics and International Relations, Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Habilitated doctor of economics (DEcon) within the specialisation of international entrepreneurship (2013), PhD in management within the specialisation of small business management (2006), master in international economics (MIEcon) within the specialisation of international trade (2001)

his research interests include international entrepreneurship, international business, European businesses, family firms.

visiting professor in various American and European universities, including Grand Valley State University (Grand Rapids, USA), Roosevelt University (Chicago, USA), University of Detroit Mercy (Detroit, USA), Loyola University Chicago (Chicago, USA), Northumbria University (Newcastle, UK), Technical University of Cartagena (Spain)

member of international scientific societies, including: Academy of International Business (AIB), European International Business Academy (EIBA), Strategic Management Society (SMS), International Council for Small Business (ICSB), United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (USASBE), Entrepreneurship Research and Education Network of Central European Universities (ERENET)

member of editorial boards of several scientific journals, including the annual 'Przedsiębiorczość - Edukacja'/'Entrepreneurship - Education' (published by Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland); the bi-annual 'Journal of Entrepreneurship, Business and Economics' JEBE (PUblished by Scientificia); the quarterly 'Horyzonty Polityki'/'Horizons of Politics' (published by Jesuit University in Krakow, Poland); the editor-in-chief of the scientific quarterly 'Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review' EBER (published by Cracow University of Economics, Poland).

an OECD national expert for entrepreneurship since 2012, participant of various international education and research projects (e.g. Jean Monnet, Atlantis, International Visegrad Fund IVF, Central European Initiative CEI),

author of several books, including monographs and scholarly books, as well as practical guides for entrepreneurs and over 100 articles in the field of entrepreneurship and the internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises,


  1. Dimitratos, P., & Plakoyiannaki, E. (2003). Theoretical foundations of an international entrepreneurial culture. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 1(2), 187-215.
  2. Dimitratos, P., Voudouris, I., Plakoyiannaki, E., & Nakos, G. (2012). International entrepreneurial culture - Toward a comprehensive opportunity-based operationalization of international entrepreneurship. International Business Review, 21(4), 708-721.
  3. Etemad, H. (2015). Entrepreneurial Orientation - Performance Relationship in the International Context. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(1), 1-6.
  4. Gupta, V.K, & Gupta, A. (2015). Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and Firm Performance in Large Organizations over Time. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 13(1), 7-27.
  5. Wach, K. (2015). Impact of Cultural and Social Norms on Entrepreneurship in the EU: Cross-Country Evidence based on GEM Survey Results. Zarządzanie w Kulturze, 16(1), 15-29. doi: 10.4467/20843976ZK.15.002.3037.


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